As one of the strongest and most durable construction materials, concrete has earned its spot as the most popular flooring choice for garages worldwide. Still, despite its ability to hold up under severe pressure exerted by heavy vehicles and the regular foot traffic, that constant tire does take a toll on concrete over time.
One of the main services that floor preparation contractors conduct frequently is garage floor restoration. As a contractor, you should strive to be a one-stop-shop for all your clients' garage floor restoration requirements.
To ensure that you'll serve your customers better, you should arm yourself with adequate knowledge on how to fix concrete garage floors. The following are the five methods of restoring a garage floor:
1. Concrete grinding
Concrete grinding is a process of smoothing down rough concrete surfaces to reveal a smooth and shiny surface. It is the easiest and most efficient method of leveling and restoring a concrete garage floor. It can be done to:
· Remove surface imperfections
If the concrete garage floor has some imperfections, such as cracks, pitting, stains, uneven spots, it may be hard to see the beauty in it. Concrete grinding can help to remove all these imperfections, restore the garage floor's beauty, and prevent further deterioration.
· Remove coatings and adhesives
A garage floor that is covered in chipped or faded paint is unsightly. For garage floors that had been previously painted, grinding offers an easy way to restore the surface. A concrete grinder, such as the Onfloor OF16S-H, is not only efficient at removing paint, but it is also excellent at epoxy and mastic/glue removal.
· Prepare for other flooring options
Roll-out vinyl flooring, peel-and-stick tiles, carpet, and epoxy are some of the flooring options that property owners can choose for their garages. All these flooring options require a smooth, level surface. Concrete grinding helps to level the garage floor so that it can be suitable for other flooring options.
2. Concrete polishing
For clients who aim for a glossy look, concrete polishing, also referred to as "grind and polish," is one of the best garage floor restoration services they can explore. The polishing process is preceded by the grinding process, which is done to expose the aggregate in the concrete garage floor.
After concrete grinding, the exposed aggregate is then polished and buffed. You can use a powerful concrete grinder and polisher, such as the Onfloor OF20Pro. This multi-surface machine is ideal for multiple applications, including grinding concrete, polishing concrete, sanding wood, and removing all types of adhesives and coatings. With it, you will be able to prepare over 600 square feet of concrete per hour.
After polishing the concrete surface to the desired level, you can then apply a densifier to harden the surface. You can then seal the surface with a polish guard sealer to give it water-resistance and stain-resistant properties.
Concrete polishing results in a unique-looking concrete surface that's not only beautify, but also durable and easy to maintain. In addition to being beautiful, durable, and easy to maintain, polished garage floors are also resistant to moisture, dust, and stains. All these benefits make concrete polishing a remarkable way to restore a garage floor.
3. Grind and seal
Many people love the look of polished concrete, and who can blame them? Polished concrete is not only aesthetically appealing, but it's also durable and easy to maintain. There's another flooring option method whose results are similar to the polishing method yet easier to achieve. This method is known as the grind and seal method.
Grind and seal is a type of concrete flooring with a similar look as polished concrete, except that the concrete is not polished. The process starts with grinding, which helps to remove any imperfections from the concrete surface.
The process starts by using a high-powered concrete grinder such as the Onfloor OF9S-L multi-surface concrete grinder. For most grind and seal concrete floors, the concrete is refined to 100-grit. Once the grinding is done, a clear, topical sealer, usually made of acrylic, urethane, or epoxy, is usually applied.
There are a number of benefits that grind and seal concrete flooring has over polished concrete flooring. One of them is that the grind and seal method is easy to accomplish. The process typically two to three days, compared to grind and polish, which takes seven to ten days to complete. For clients who are looking for a quick method to restore their garage floors, you should recommend this method.
Another advantage of the grind and seal process is that it is an affordable way to restore a garage floor. If your clients are looking for a cheaper way to restore their garages, you can suggest this option. This process is much cheaper than the grind and polish process because it requires minimal preparation work.
4. Epoxy coating
Epoxy is a two-component product that consists of one part epoxy resin and one part polyamide hardener. You should mix the two parts together before applying the mixture on the concrete surface. After mixing the two parts, you are limited by time and temperature. Epoxy manufacturers usually provide instructions on how long you should wait for the mixture to rest before applying, and what temperature conditions are ideal for application.
The level of performance and amount of resistance of the epoxy coating is usually determined by the solids content and the quality of the epoxy. The solids content also determines the thickness and the ease of application of the epoxy. The volume of solid content is usually displayed as a percentage. For instance, 100% solids epoxy means that you will have 100% of the product on the concrete surface after the epoxy cures.
Epoxy coatings are not only good for enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the surface, but they are also great at making the surface high-resistant to impact, abrasions, chemicals, and stains. They cover previous defects your concrete garage floor may have sustained, transforming the space into a complete, sleek area. To hide imperfects even more, you can choose epoxy paint that combines the durable substance into the paint color of your clients' choice for a masking effect.
5. Garage floor painting
Most people presume garage floor paint to be the same as epoxy paint. However, the two are not the same. Unlike true epoxy paints that are sold in buckets or kits as a two-part formula, garage floor paints are sold in cans of water-based latex or acrylic paint.
Some garage floor paints incorporate a small amount of epoxy into their formulas. These types of paints are referred to as one-part epoxies. Compared to true epoxies, latex acrylic paints and one-part epoxies are cheaper. They also contain lower amounts of solids content, thus are runnier and less sticky in terms of consistency. The good thing about garage floor painting is that it is a cost-effective garage floor restoration method that toughens the surface and leaves it looking as good as new.
Get High-Quality Concrete Floor Preparation Tools
All the above five methods of garage floor restoration have one thing in common: they require thorough concrete floor preparation. This requires the use of the right tools. Luckily, Onfloor Technologies has a wide array of concrete grinders and diamond tools that you can use to restore concrete garage floors. Their multi-surface, multi-purpose grinders can be used for different applications, including grinding, polishing, coating removal, and mastic/glue removal.